100 years ago Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity was confirmed
One hundred years ago, British astronomer Arthur Stanley Eddington’s study of a solar eclipse confirmed Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity forever changing our concept of gravity about physics in general. Eddington’s research made Einstein a world-famous figure, who to this day is the epitome of scientific genius.
Observations of the solar eclipse of May 29, 1919 made róearly from the city of Sobral in Brazil and from Prince’s Island, located off the west coast of Africa, provided direct evidence of theów indicating that the ogólna theory of relativity is correct. For the first time, a key prediction of Einstein’s theory – gravity curves space-time – has been confirmed.
Sir Arthur Eddington along with coóhe scientists observed the position of stars close to the Sun. They showed that it was apparently altered by gravity, whichóra deflected the path of light. Confirmation of ogólnej theory of relativity marked a revolution in physics. The information made headlines around the world, making the 40-year-old wóduring Einstein’s famous.
Einstein’s theory, proposed in 1915, was hailed by physicist and Nobel laureate J.J. Thomson as „one of the greatest achievements of human thought”. During the century ogólna theory of relativity has been repeatedly confirmed, if only by the recent recording of gravitational waves or the first image of the event horizon of a black hole, whichóry was published this year.
Earlier, in 1905, Einstein formulated a detailedólne theory of relativity. It was in this book that he posted the famous równanie E=mc2. OgóThe general theory of relativity is, in a way, a development of the specialólne theory of relativity.
Ogólna theory of relativity in an elegant wayób connected gravity, time and space. It has opened the eyes of physicists and shed a whole new light on all of astronomy and cosmology. It also contributed to the development of technology. It is thanks to her that GPS systems, other satellite systems, atomic clocks and many others have been developed.